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Spheniscus humboldti

Unlike their Antarctic counterparts, Humboldt Penguins live in warm and temperate climates off the coast of Peru and Chile. 
Humboldt Penguins have a gland which enables them to drink salt water in addition to fresh water; the gland concentrates excess salt which then dribbles down their bill.

Habitat loss and competition from the fishing industry are threats to the Humboldt Penguin. They are also vulnerable to the natural weather pattern El Nino. When the water gets too warm, plants in the ocean die which reduces the penguin’s food supply.

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